A little over year ago I wrote about the pressure we were facing in the early days of the pandemic (though we didn’t yet know those were the early days) to get back to normal, That pressure continues, especially in the food service industry, where workers are expected to slip back into the harness as if nothing in the intervening months should have any bearing on their willingness to do so.
I say “their” willingness, because I’m no longer among them. But my radar still pings every time a local food establishment bemoans their inability to hire sufficient staff now that pandemic restrictions have been lifted here.
All Those Harnesses, No Work Horses.
Alas, the pandemic itself has not disappeared. We’re still seeing a rate of infections in the U.S. similar to last summer. You remember last summer. We passed 100,000 U.S. deaths from COVID-19 right around Memorial Day last year. We’re now approaching 600,000. More than 3500 people died this week alone. New infections topped 20,000.
So there’s that.
There’s also something called the sub-minimum wage for tipped workers. Ever heard of it? A surprising number of people haven’t, even though most states allow it. Only Alaska, California, Minnesota, Montana, Nevada, Oregon, and Washington do not.
Indiana’s Sub-Minimum Wage
The state of Indiana, along with several other low-wage states, allows restaurant employers to pay tipped workers as little as $2.13 an hour. Which is the Federal sub-minimum rate.
Yes, those employers are required to boost that wage to the Federal minimum of $7.25 if tips are insufficient to reach that level. Though having worked in this industry for many years I can tell you that not all employers follow the law.
Nor do they restrict the job duties of tipped staffers to those tasks in which they are actually able to receive tips. Wait staff is often roped into prep work and cleaning for that $2.13 an hour. And if it’s a slow shift, they might be sent home early, having worked their 90 minutes or whatever for their $3.21 before tips, leaving the remaining staff to do that cleaning and prep work.
Tips Are Not Cash in Hand
But tips are money in the pocket, right?
Nope. Most tips are electronic, which means they’re delivered in the worker’s paycheck, minus all relevant taxes. It’s not like the old days (old, old days!) where you walked out of your shift with a wad of cash to cover the week’s groceries.
And tips depend on tickets.
We don’t have a lot of fine dining here, where a professional waitperson can expect to earn a professional wage. The average ticket in a typical full service restaurant here is less than $50 for a party of two. Sometimes considerable less. A twenty percent tip on that $50 ticket would be $10. If you’re serving to a full house and everyone is ordering big, that might bring you a fair living. But not all diners leave 20%, and very few houses are full right now. They’re certainly not full every night of the week, which means the average hourly wage across a five-shift schedule may not even meet that $7.25 baseline.
A Broken Industry, A Bad Model
The pandemic didn’t break the restaurant industry. It’s been broken for a long time. It’s built on a terrible business model in which customers are expected to subsidize staff pay, with all the bad behavior one might expect as a result.
But the pandemic did hit the restaurant industry particularly hard, first by shutting it down, then by requiring wait staff in particular to be front and center in a fraught re-open, serving a public not always willing, let alone happy, to comply with mask and distancing requirements. As any wait person will tell you, an unhappy diner is not going to tip well.
So it goes.
Then there are are the back-of-house issues to consider, where a slammed night might mean the wait staff gets a nice pay bump, while the kitchen crew who cranked out all those meals is paid the same as if the house were empty. And the crews, some of whom may be (and often are) undocumented and exploited, are unable to ask for a more equitable arrangement because they have no voice.
Restaurant work is hard. It’s stressful. And more than a few of us have decided we’ve had enough. We’ve gone elsewhere. It’s what one does, what one is supposed to do, when work doesn’t work. When there are better – or at least less awful — opportunities elsewhere.
Leave the scolds to whine that no one wants to work those shitty jobs. I mean, seriously. Would you?